- M.S., Criminal Justice Administration, Troy State University, 1978
- B.A., Criminal Justice, Troy State University, 1976
- 26 years in corrections
- 10 years as a warden
- Law enforcement
- Private security
- Glossary of Inmate Slang Terms, 2nd edition, authored for exclusive use by the State of Alabama Department of Corrections, 2001.
- Supervised Intensive Restitution Program (SIR) – researched, authored, and developed this program to alleviate overcrowding in the prison system, 1983; still used by the Alabama Department of Corrections as a method of incarceration.